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Mammadow V., Munir K., Jafarova L.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.25040/medicallaw2016.02.018

Med. pravo., 2016; 2(18): 18-43

UDС: 61:001:608.1 (479.24)

MAMMADOV VUGAR

рrofessor, doctor Baku State University, Azerbaijan unit of UNESCO Chair in Bioethics, Azerbaijan Bioethics and Medical Law Association

MUNIR KERI

рrofessor, doctor Harvard Medical School, Boston Children’s Hospital

JAFAROVA LALA

PhD student, Institute on Human Rights, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences

Medical science, research and higher education in Azerbaijan from bioethical developments perspective

Azerbaijan is a modern, rapidly developing democratic country at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. The country is currently harmoniz-ing its national legislation with international norms, and reforming its national scientific and medical. Higher standards of medical research and education will enhance public health and protect human rights to life and health that are specified in Azerbaijan Constitution. In order to raise its medical research and education to interna-tional standards, Azerbaijani scientists and authorities are studying the experience of other countries and taking measures to implement international standards and norms in the country’s national legisla-tion. Cooperation with the WHO, UNESCO and other international and foreign organizations, both on regional and global level is creat-ing steps to achieve this goal. These steps include, for example, cre-ation of the Azerbaijan unit of the UNESCO Chair in Bioethics and teaching bioethics based on UNESCO’s Bioethics Core Curriculum. Another step is providing research fellowship for young Azerbaijani professionals to study at leading medical research and educational centers around the world including Harvard Medical School and Bos-ton Children’s Hospital in the USA, and Koc University in Turkey.A complementary step is the development of local bioethical research, including its legal, ethical and scientific foundations. Adherence to ethical principles in different spheres of life is currently one of the most challenging social and professional issues, especially, this is true with the development of new medical technologies in recent decades and the development of new ethical and legal stan-dards, issues involving different areas of health and medicine and their relation to human rights. Bioethics in Azerbaijan is develop-ing as an important field that deals with universal moral principles within the context of both national laws and the UNESCO Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights.

Key words: bioethics, medical law, bioethics education, bioethical principles, human rights, higher medical education,medical science in Azerbaijan

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