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Senyuta I.Y., Klapatyi D.Y.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.25040/medicallaw2016.01.050

Med. pravo., 2016; 1(17): 50-62

UDC: 613:342.7 (477)

SENYUTA IRYNA YAROSLAVIVNA

candidate of legal sciences, associate professor, chair of the Department of medical law of the Faculty of Post-Graduate education of Danylo Halytskyi Lviv National Medical University, president of the All-Ukrainian NGO “Foundation of Medical Law and Bioethics of Ukraine”, chief editor of the scientific and practical journal “Medical Law”, advocate, member of the Board of the International Renaissance Foundation”, mentor of the ASPHER HRPC Junior Faculty Scholars Program.  

KLAPATYI DMYTRO YOSYFOVYCH

teaching assistant of the Department of medical law of the Faculty of Post-Graduate education of Danylo Halytskyi Lviv National Medical University, member of the Board of the All-Ukrainian NGO “Foundation of Medical Law and Bioethics of Ukraine”, junior faculty scholar of the ASPHER HRPC Junior Faculty Scholars Program.   

Medical neutrality as Human Rights in patient care protectection concept:experience of Ukraine

The issue of human rights has been always relevant. It needs permanent promotion from the side of the state and that everybody respects the most valuable achievement of the mankind. The importance of human rights is increasing in the time of war – traumatic epidemic when everybody is taking efforts to stop this epidemic, to find a “vaccine”, which will help fight the threats within the country. These are the recipes, which today are looked for in Ukraine – a country, which unintentionally joined the group of states, where the basic principles of medical neutrality are violated.  

The aim of the article is to establish basic general-theoretical foundations of the concept of medical neutrality and to develop legal mechanisms of human rights in patient care protection through the prism of this concept. Within the research the following tasks shall be fulfilled: 1)  to distinguish the features and functions of medical neutrality; 2) to suggest a definition of the term “medical neutrality”; 3) to formulate and find out the essence of the principles of medical neutrality; 4) to find out the main theoretical approaches to understanding the concept of medical neutrality; 5) to identify gaps in the  national laws of Ukraine in the context of the concept of medical neutrality; 6) to develop proposals to address these gaps; 7) to prepare proposals to the draft recommendations of the UN General Assembly on the implementation of UN General Assembly Resolution "Global Health and Foreign Policy" (11 December 2014; 69th session of the UN).

Given the objective and the tasks of the research there were chosen appropriate scientific research methods. A spectrum of general scientific and special methods of knowledge was used. Into the basis of the research such methods were a dialectical method with a systemic and structural approach were laid: dialectical method combined with a systemic and structural approach was used to study the materials and formulate conclusions, comparative-legal method was used to explore the norms of international and regional standards, national laws and foreign states’ legislation. The methods of analysis and synthesis were applied to formulate proposals concerning national concept of medical neutrality, as well as hermeneutics-linguistic method was used to interpret legal texts of different historical-legal periods.   

Key words: medical neutrality, human rights, medical care, medical professional, impartiality, health care


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